Title Page / Vorwort / Inhaltsverzeichnis. Elsner H. Elsner H.: Krebsentstehung und endokrines System. Basel, Karger, , pp I-VI (DOI/). Translation for ‘Endokrines System’ in the free German-English dictionary and many other English translations. German-English Dictionary: Translation for endokrines System.
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The body temperature of mammals and birds is maintained at an optimum level by a variety of heat regulation mechanisms. The pineal gland is found deep within the brain see diagram The pituitary gland is divided into two parts with different functions – the anterior and posterior pituitary see diagram This condition is known as shock.
As the amount of carbon dioxide in the blood increases the blood becomes more acidic and the pH decreases. Sweating increases to keep the muscles cool and the pupils of the eye dilate so the animal has a wide field of view.
Biochemical reactions within the body are very sensitive to even small changes in acidity or alkalinity i. This page was last edited on 12 Octoberat These act on the kidney tubules to influence the amount of water and sodium ions absorbed from the fluid flowing along them.
Hormones are chemicals that are secreted by endocrine glands. The anterior pituitary gland secretes hormones that regulate a wide range of activities in the body. Biochemical processes in the cells, particularly in muscles and the liver, produce heat. Many inland soils in New Zealand contain almost no iodine so goitre can be common in stock when iodine supplements are not given.
In general the nervous system responds rapidly to short-term changes by sending electrical impulses along sgstem and the endocrine system brings about longer-term adaptations by sending out chemical messengers called hormones into the blood stream.
Loss of blood or body fluids leads to decreased blood volume and hence decreased blood pressure.
Endokrines System – English translation – German-English dictionary
The animal will die unless a vet administers fluid endpkrines blood. Functions like digestion and urine production that are not critical to immediate survival slow down as blood vessels to these parts constrict. However, target cells are sensitive to subtle changes in hormone concentration and the endocrine ednokrines regulates processes by changing the rate of hormone secretion. Anatomy and Physiology of Animals. The adrenal medulla secretes adrenalin also called epinephrine.
It does this by increasing the absorption of sodium ions Na- from endomrines kidney tubules. This stimulates the development of the male reproductive system and the male sexual characteristics – generally larger body of male animals, mane in lions, tusks in boars, etc.
The result is that the blood system fails to deliver enough oxygen and nutrients to the cells, which stop functioning properly and may die.
An increased rate of breathing increases the amount of oxygen in the blood and glucose is released from the liver to provide the fuel for energy production. This is called acidosis and when severe can cause coma and death.
To add to the problem, chemicals called goitrogens that occur naturally in plants like kale that belong to the cabbage familycan also cause goitre even when there is adequate iodine available. Most of the pancreas acts as an exocrine gland producing digestive enzymes that are secreted into the small intestine. Bright light inhibits melatonin secretion Low level of melatonin in bright light makes one feel good and this increases fertility.
“Endokrines System” in English
In most animals the pancreas is an oblong, pinkish organ that lies in the first bend of shstem small intestine see diagram Again it is the hypothalamus that monitors the concentration of the blood and initiates the release of hormones from the posterior pituitary gland.
In order to survive, animals must constantly adapt to changes in the environment. Adrenalin is responsible for the so-called flight fight, fright response that prepares the animal for emergencies. Faced with a perilous situation the animal needs to either fight or make a rapid escape.
The main endocrine glands in the body are the pituitary, pineal, thyroid, parathyroidand adrenal glandsthe pancreas, ovaries and testes. In diabetes mellitus the pancreas produces insufficient insulin and glucose levels in the blood can increase to a dangerous level.
It produces the hormone melatoninwhich influences the development of sexual maturity and the seasonality of breeding and hibernation. This hormone regulates the amount of glucose in the blood by increasing the rate at which glucose is converted to glycogen in the liver and the movement of glucose from the blood into cells.